Monasteries of Crete

Here there lives on an ancient monastic tradition that blossomed at the end of the Venetian period, producing such achievements as the Cretan School of Iconography. Most monasteries were centres for nurturing freedom during the long and difficult period of Ottoman rule – becoming the guardians of Orthodoxy and Byzantine culture.

Many have shrines with exquisite frescoes – an expression of the development of Byzantine painting on Crete.

From

One of Crete’s most historic monasteries, Faneromeni (Our Lady Revealed) Monastery is situated on a slope overlooking the Minoan city of Gournia and is sometimes referred to as 'Panagia of Gournia'. 

  • location Pachia Ammos, Ierapetra, Lasithi
  • type Monastery
  • time period 2nd Byzantine Period

The women's coenobitic Monastery of Panagia Kaliviani (Mother Mary of Kalyvia) is located at the site of a men's monastery from the Byzantine era that was destroyed by the Ottomans. The 14th century chapel of Zoodochos Pigi has survived.

  • location Moires, Faistos, Irakleio
  • type Monastery
  • time period Venetian Period, Ottoman Period

Hodegetria Monastery is one of the oldest and grandest monasteries on Crete, with its history closely linked to that of small monasteries and hermitages in the Asteroussia region.

  • location West Asteroussia (Siva), Faistos, Irakleio
  • type Monastery
  • time period Venetian Period, Ottoman Period

Apezanes Monastery is located on a small plateau on the west side of the Asteroussia and, according to tradition, was founded by ascetics from Agiofaraggo and flourished during the final years of the era of Venetian rule

  • location Center of Asteroussia (Pompia), Faistos, Irakleio
  • type Monastery
  • time period Venetian Period

The famous monastery of Prevelis, overlooking the Libyan Sea, is composed off two building complexes, the ‘Back’ (Piso) and the ‘Low’ (Kato) Monastery, with a distance of 2 kilometres between them. 

  • location Preveli, A. Vasileios, Rethimno
  • type Monastery
  • time period Venetian Period, Ottoman Period

Kroutstallenia Monastery, dedicated to the Virgin Mary, was already in existence during the 2nd Byzantine era of Crete (961-1204). Its history is closely linked with the history of the plateau of Lassithi and, according to certain sources, it was a centre for the concentration of revolutionaries against the Venetians. 

  • location Inner Lassithi, Lasithi Plateau, Lasithi
  • type Monastery
  • time period 2nd Byzantine Period, Venetian Period
Page 5 of 7

Contact Us

 
 
Subscribe to our newsletter!