Monuments & Sights of Crete

Numerous monuments, big and small, can be seen scattered in urban, coastal and inland areas of Crete: Venetian fortresses and castles, Byzantine churches, Turkish mosques, monuments of vernacular architecture and other noteworthy buildings, as well as locations which have left their mark in the history of the island, or others that were marked themselves by the conquerors who ruled in the island, down the centuries. 


The Venetian villa Dei Mezzo, also known as the Seragio by local people, is a once three-storied tower located at the village of Etia, which was the fief of the noble Venetian Dei Mezzo family, in the uphill hinterland of Sitia

  • location Etia, Sitia, Lasithi
  • type Architecture
  • site condition/facilities Open-Well preserved

The Venetian fortress of Gramvoussa was built on the unoccupied barren island of Imeri Gramvoussa, opposite the Gramvoussa peninsula, where the ancient town of Agneion flourished during the Roman years.The two islands, Agria (= wild) Gramvoussa to the north, and Imeri (= tame) Gramvoussa to the west were named after the peninsula of Gramvoussa. During the Venetian years, ships sailing to and from other parts of Crete and from Venice would seek shelter in the natural harbour of Imeri Gramvoussa.

  • location Gramvoussa, Kisamos, Chania
  • type Fortifications, Castle
  • site condition/facilities Open-Well preserved

The name Kazarma is derived from the Venetian Casa di Arma, which means barracksor armoury.Indeed, this was the barracks of the Venetian garrison, the army headquarters, of the fortified town of Sitia. The walls of Sitia, which reached as high uphill as the fortress, were built at the same time as the Kazarma, in the late Byzantine years. 

  • location Sitia City, Sitia, Lasithi
  • type Castle
  • site condition/facilities Open-Well preserved

The village of Voila, deserted today, takes up the northern and the western side of a steep hill on the eastern side of the plateau where the villages Ziros, Armeni and Handras are located. The steep hillside creates a natural fortification to the south-east, while at the northern and the western side, which overlooks the valley, the buildings have closed, fortress-like facades. 

  • location Chandras, Sitia, Lasithi
  • type Architecture, Medieval Settlement
  • site condition/facilities Open-Well preserved

Mitata seem to have come about as a result of some ancient construction tradition, and can be seen everywhere in the plateau of Nida.

  • location Plateau of Nida (Psiloritis), Anogia, Rethymno
  • type Architecture
  • site condition/facilities Open-Well preserved

The Monastery of the Virgin Gouverniotissa (Panagia Gouverniotissa) which isdeserted today, is located a little before the village of Potamies, on a slope thick with cypresses, olive trees and carob trees. When exactly it was founded is not known. However, judging by the numerous frescoes in the main church, it seems that the monastery existed in the 14th century

  • location Potamies, Chersonissos, Heraklio
  • type Abandoned Monastery, Church
  • site condition/facilities Open-Well preserved

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